THE STRUCTURED PHOTOGRAPHIC ARTICULATION TEST featuring DUDSBERRY®(SPAT-D 3)
by Patricia J. Tattersall, Ph.D. and Janet I. Dawson, Ph.D.
More than 35 years since the introduction of Dudsberry at the 1988 ASHA Convention in Boston, the popular articulation test, The Structured Photographic Articulation Test, has once again been revised to provide clinicians with not only a quantitative tool but, in addition, a way to gather important qualitative information to assess the speech production skills of children ages 3 to 10. Results of the various quantitative and qualitative aspects of the SPAT-D 3 can be used for qualifying the child for services as well as developing goals and monitoring progress and determining dismissal.
The 5 year development process resulted in the new edition of the Structured Photographic Articulation Test, the SPAT-D 3, providing normative data based on a sample of over 2,400 children reflecting the most recent U.S. Censes. Quantitative analysis of 65 singleton consonants and 17 consonant blends at the word level are elicited by 36 color photographs of Dudsberry, the Golden Retriever, interacting with objects which contain the target phonemes allowing for calculation of standard scores, confidence intervals, percentile ranks, and percentile bands. Determining consonant inventory, percent of consonants correct, word shape, and presence of phonological patterns as well as evaluating vowel production provide a qualitative analysis at the word level.
Additional qualitative features of the SPAT-D 3 include consistency in sound production and intelligibility in connected speech utilizing the story of “Dudsberry’s Day at School,” two Multisyllabic Word Screeners (BASIC & ADVANCED) for qualitative assessment of consonants in complex contexts to aid in gathering data regarding the stability of sound production in more complex sound contexts and goal formulation for older children, and resources to provide an in-depth guide for the influence on English production of the 6 most prevalent languages/dialect spoken in the United States to help determine a speech difference versus a true disorder.